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1937-1946

1937 April
American Ballet Company Stravinsky Festival, in close association with the composer, including premiere of Jeu de Cartes, commissioned by Lincoln Kirstein and George Balanchine: Metropolitan Opera House.

1938
Arranges the first major exhibition of Walker Evans' photographs at the Museum of Modern Art and writes the text for Walker Evans: American Photographs.

1938
Ballet Caravan tour to Havana.

1938 October 16
Ballet Caravan premiere of Billy the Kid, libretto by Lincoln Kirstein, choreography by Eugene Loring to music commissioned for the ballet from Aaron Copland: Chicago Civic Theater.

1939
Publication of Ballet Alphabet: A Primer for Laymen, with drawings by Paul Cadmus.

1939
Joins Jay Leyda, Mary Losey, Robert Stebbins, and Lee Strasberg in founding the journal Films.

1939 May
The American Ballet Company participates in the first season of the American Lyric Theatre, New York City.

1940
Presents his collection of more than five thousand books and documents on dance to the Museum of Modern Art to form the nucleus of an American archives of the dance; later transferred to the Dance Collection of the New York Public Library.

1940
At the suggestion of Walter Dorwin Teague produces A Thousand Times Neigh! for the Ford Motor Company at the New York World's Fair, performed by the dancers of Ballet Caravan for six months and thought to have been seen by a million persons.

1941 April
Marries Fidelma Cadmus.

1941-1943
Consultant to the Museum of Modern Art on Latin-American art; travels in South America to purchase painting and sculpture in 1942; writes the catalogue for the exhibition The Latin American Collection of the Museum of Modern Art in 1943.

1941
American Ballet Caravan (the combined American Ballet Company and Ballet Caravan) tours Latin America under the aegis of the United States Office for Coordination of Commercial and Cultural Relations Between the American Republics, through the agency of Nelson A. Rockefeller, Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs. In Argentina meets Rosa María Oliver and Victoria Ocampo, principal forces in bringing international culture to South America.

1942
Founds the magazine Dance Index with Baird Hastings and Paul Magriel; is one of its editors and a principal contributor through the final issue in 1948; engages Donald Windham as editor 1943โ€“1945, and Marian Eames as managing editor 1946โ€“1948.

1943
Publication of the novel For My Brother, based on a Mexican sojourn.

1943
Joins the United States Army; while stationed at Fort Belvoir with the Corps of Engineers studies the history of American battle art.

1944
Publication of American Battle Painting: 1776โ€“1918, catalogue of the exhibition shown at the National Gallery of Art in Washington, and the Museum of Modern Art.

1944-1945
Overseas duty in England, France, and Germany, including a period as chauffeur to General George S. Patton.

1945 May
With Captain Robert K. Posey, Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives Officer, Third United States Army, discovers (in the Steinberg Salt Mine at Alt Aussee) and supervises the recovery of the massive collection of art looted by the Nazis, intended for Hitler's proposed Führer Museum in Linz; later decorated by the Government of the Netherlands for his service.

1945 Fall
Honorable discharge from the Army, Private First Class.

1946
Publication of William Rimmer, catalogue of the exhibition arranged by the author for the Whitney Museum and the Boston Museum of Fine Arts.

1946 Fall
With George Balanchine forms Ballet Society, Inc., a subscription- supported association to further lyric theater in America.

1946 November 20
First Ballet Society performance: Central High School of Needle Trades, New York City. American premiere of Ravel's The Spellbound Child with choreography by George Balanchine; premiere of The Four Temperaments, Balanchine's ballet to music commissioned by him and Lincoln Kirstein from Paul Hindemith in 1940. Season includes performances of Gian Carlo Menotti's The Medium and The Telephone (commissioned by Ballet Society).


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